Created in the Geography Department at Loughborough University, this network focuses upon research into the external relations of world cities. Although the world/global city literature is premised upon the existence of world-wide transactions, most of the research effort has gone into studying the internal structures of individual cities and comparative analyses of the same. Relations between cities have been neglected by world cities researchers; the Globalization and World Cities (GaWC) Research Network has been formed to aid in rectifying this situation.
2016 - http://www.lboro.ac.uk/gawc/world2016t.html
2012 - http://www.lboro.ac.uk/gawc/world2012t.html
City | 2016 Rank | 2012 Rank
Lahore | #103 BETA - | #127 GAMMA+ (Increased By 24)
Islamabad | #129 BETA - | #133 GAMMA+ (Increased By 4)